Association of Finnish Culture and Identity
The Association of Finnish Culture and Identity, also known as the Finnish Alliance, is a Finnish cultural organization. The official name of the Association is in Finnish Suomalaisuuden Liitto, in German Verband für das Finnentum e. V. and in French La Ligue Finlandaise.
One of the most far-reaching manifestations of the Finnish Alliance’s activities was the mass fennification of family names in 1906-07. This was repeated in 1935-36 with the result of more than 200,000 people changing their family names into Finnish. The Association of Finnish Culture and Identity has played a remarkable role in Finnish cultural life. It provided the initiatives which led to the creation of the Fund for the Promotion of Finnish Literature (Suomen kulttuurirahasto), Suomi-Seura (an organization to unite the Finns abroad), and the Finnish Family Planning Association (Väestöliitto).
The President of the Finnish Alliance in 1930-32 was Urho Kekkonen, the President of Finland in 1956-81.
The Finnish Alliance is an important element in the Finnish establishment. It provides expert advice on matters such as the displaying of the Finnish flag and Finnish family names. It creates and maintains contacts between Finland and Finns living abroad.
The Association of Finnish Culture and Identity especially emphasizes Finnish pupils’ and students’ right to determine for themselves the foreign languages they wish to study.
In addition the Association of Finnish Culture and Identity pursues research, publishes books, sells Finnish flags made in Finland, gives lectures and is involved in many other activities in its goal to strengthen the Finnish identity.
For further information, please contact us. Our address is:
Suomalaisuuden Liitto ry
Aurorankatu 7 A 1
00100 HELSINKI Telephone +358-9-442 824 (in Finland 09-442 824)
the founder of the Finnish Alliance, in the Finnish stamp of 1969
The Finns below all have Finnish roots. J.V. Snellman, a statesman and philosopher, and Elias Lönnrot, the creator of Kalevala are the main national Finnish figures in the 19th century.
The world-famous composer Jean Sibelius’ works include strongly nationalistic symphonic poems such as Finlandia in 1900. Sibelius’ family originally came from Artjärvi in Eastern Uusimaa. He went to Hämeenlinna Lyseo, a highly esteemed Finnish grammar school in the heart of Finnish speaking Häme.
Albert Edelfelt was a famous painter, who worked primarily in France. His famous protrait of Louis Pasteur hangs in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris. The element Gadolinium was named after Finnish chemist Johan Gadolin, whose original Finnish last name was Isolin. Under Swedish rule Gadolin’s family, as well as many others, in the 17th and 18th century had to give up their original Finnish family names in order to obtain an education. This was a period when Finnish names were Swedenized, Germanized and Latinized and in Gadolin’s case, translated into Hebrew with a suffix in or lin. Gad in Hebrew means big, just as Finnish iso.
The distinguishing feature of Latinized names is -us or -ius, as in Chydenius. Antti Chydenius, an economist, presented the principles of the free trade before Adam Smith. Antti Chydenius was a priest in Kokkola. Unfortunately for him communication was not effective in the 18th century, so his ideas did not spread abroad.
Famous Finns in America and early explorers
John Morton was a descendant of the Finns who settled in Delaware in the 17th century; his original Finnish name was Marttinen and his family came from the county of Rautalampi in Central Finland. John Morton was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.
Eero Saarinen and his father Eliel Saarinen were famous Finnish American architects.
Pietari (Pehr) Kalm was a Finnish explorer and botanist, who wrote the first description of the Niagara Falls. The explorer A.E. Nordenskiöld was born in Helsinki, Finland. He was sympathetic to Finnish nationalistic concepts and was therefore expelled from Finland by the Tsarist governor of Finland. He was the first to navigate the Northeast Passage.
A descendant of the Finns who moved to Taalainmaa region in Central Sweden in the 17th century was Dan(iel) Andersson, later to became the national poet of Sweden.
The most famous of the Finnish Orientalists, Yrjö (George) Wallin, traveled around Arabian Peninsula in the 19th century. His memoir is a classic for the Orientalists. He was later awarded a medal by the Royal Geographic Society.
Väinö Auer explored the southermost part of South America. Paavo Nurmi is the greatest runner of all times.